When someone is in the ‘flow’, this is related to a challenging task or striving towards a particular goal. It is a mental state that can happen when the weight of a task and the relevant capacities of the person that has to perform it are completely balanced.
People who are in the flow are able to rise above themselves, learn things faster and gain entirely new insights. Examples of this are the athlete, who plays a game in which the opponent demands the utmost of him, or the surgeon who performs a surgery with the utmost concentration, but is completely relaxed at the same time.
The ‘flow’ phenomenon has been studied and described by the American psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi. He believes this feeling has at least some of the following characteristics: